The Roles of Strategic Planning in Performance Improvement in Tanzania’s Public Organizations


  • Shafii Dini Kanju University of Dar es Salaam



strategic planning, performance improvement, public organizations, Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam


Strategic planning was initially used by private organizations to improve their competitive advantage in the market and achieve major improvements in efficiency. It is considered as an essential managerial activity that enables a firm to align itself with
anticipated environmental changes. In Tanzania, there has been an increased use of strategic planning as it is compulsory for public organizations. However, it is uncertain whether strategic planning is viable for performance improvement. This paper examines strategic planning in Tanzania’s public organizations. Using the University of Dar es Salaam as a case study, it seeks to attest the extent to which strategic planning is effective in public organizations. It employs qualitative analysis, and uses documentary review and elite interviews as sources of data. The major finding shows that strategic planning can be feasible in public organizations. However reliable availability of financial resources is the biggest challenge in making strategic plans to work. Basing on the study findings, the paper concludes that strategic planning is a viable path to performance improvement as it helped the university to improve performance in its core mandate. The paper recommends for disbursement of enough funds, and the university to diversify sources to ensure financial sustainability.


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How to Cite

Kanju, S. (2018). The Roles of Strategic Planning in Performance Improvement in Tanzania’s Public Organizations. Tanzania Journal for Population Studies and Development, 25(1-2).